GEORGIA THE HOME OF WINE
The Caucasus with 16,400 ft. high mountains, protect the country from the cold air from the north, while the Black Sea promotes the flow of warm air cross the country. In the western part of Georgia there is a humid subtropical climate, while a moderate, dry and continental climate characterises the eastern part of the country. The variety of climatic conditions across the country provide Georgia with an amazing diversity of flora and fauna - so much so that the WWF has declared Georgia to be one of the most important environmental regions of the world.
History of Viniculture
According to Greek myths dating back to the 8th century B.C. vines were growing and wine flowing in the hall of the Kolkhis King's Palace in Kolkheti, Georgia. At this time, the Greeks began building cities along the Black Sea coast. Evidence suggests that as early as the 6th century B.C., viniculture was not only established in the region, but wine was already being exported to Greece and Persia.
The symbol of the Greek Orthodox church, the cross from a grapevine which is tied by St Nina's hair, testifies that the Christian faith and the vine are integral to the history of this amazing nation. Georgian churches are widely decorated with ornaments depicting vines and grapes.
From Ancient to Modern
In 1991, after Georgia had gained independence and became a member of the World Trade Organisation, the economy had to change. Since that period, the Georgian wine growers have been taking early steps to strengthen their position in foreign markets. The wine law of 2002 created a legal framework for viniculture/winemaking and placed all activities under strict control to meet international standards. The Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany aided the Ministry of Agriculture in Georgia in establishing a wine quality system in 2003-2006, while the development of a regulatory authority and controlled viniculture have helped to create favourable economic conditions for small and medium sized wine producers.